THE INTERNATIONAL BILL OF HUMAN RIGHTS With Multilingual UDHR

 
 
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights | International Covenant on Economic Social and Cultural Rights
 
   

 

 

 

 

 

 

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AYMARA LANGUAGE

Native to : BOLIVIA | PERU And CHILE

 

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AYMARA Universal Declaration Of Human Rights

Usage By Country
Home Speakers: Bolivia, Peru and Chile 

 
Official language in

 Bolivia

Native speakers

2.8 million  (2000–2006)


Language family

Aymaran
  • Aymara

Recognised minority language in

 Peru
 Chile

 

 

Background 
Aymara (with the stress on the final syllable) belongs to the Andean Equatorial subgroup of the Central South American Indian (Aymaran) family of languages and is the second of the major Indian languages of western South America. Together with Quechua, it constitutes a single subfamily of the Andean Equatorial family of languages. It is spoken by over 2 million people, chiefly in Bolivia, where churches are active in literacy and there have been openings in government schools for the use of Aymara literature. 

Ethnicity

Aymaa people

 

 

 

AYMARA

AKAPACH JAQE WALINKAÑAPATAKI INOQAT ARU

Qalltañataki

UNANCHASA, aka pachana jaqejh munañanïsina, cheqpacha amuyasisa, cheqa thakir sarjhatasa, jilan sullkanjama arnaqasa, jan nuwasisa utjañaru wayt'asiñ yati;

UNANCHASA, jaqen walinkañapataki wakisir arunaka armasna, yaqhep jaqejh masinakaparu khuyañ autuyi, mututanakasti, uñatatasisa, wajcha kankañapa atipasna, jan khitirus ajhsarasa, cheq-cheqa qhana arumpi arustatasjhapjhe;

UNANCHASA, jaqen walinkañapataki inoqat arujha arjhatatäñapaw jan jaqe ñanqhachirinakaru ch'ajhwa qalítasna waninchapjhañapataki;

UNANCHASA, taqpacha markanakajh kunti munapjhe ukanaka jikjhatañatakiejh jupanakpacha sumäñat arusthapisipjhañapaw;

UNANCHASA, Mathapit Mayachat Markanakan Arupa taqjhatasna akham markanakajh amuyasi: Taqe mayniwa, chachas warmis, jaqe kankañanísinjha, ch 'amachasisna má ch 'ulla chachjama jaqen walinkañapa jíkjhatañaru wayt'asipjhe;

UNANCHASA, taqe mrakanakajh Matahapit Markanakamp chika akham amtapjhe: sapaqat markanjha aniw jaqejh inaki arknaqatäkaspati; jakañapans yänakapans arjhatatäñapaw;

UNANCHASA, Mathapit Markanakan amuyasitanakapa yatisina khuskat taqpachanipaw wayt'asipjhañapa phoqasiñapataki.

MAYACHAT MARKANAKAJH JACH'A MATHAPIWINAKAPAN JAQEN WALINKAÑAPATAKI INOQAT ARU YATIYI

Taqpacha jaqenaka, ayllunaka, markanaka, aka arunakaru iyau sasna ch'amachasipjhañapaw, isk'alalanakas, wayna tawaqonakas, chuymani jaqenakas, markapan qorpap manqhana yatichatäpjhañapaw. Ukhamarus qorpamarkanakampi jaya markanakampi arusthapisisa taqpacha markanakajh khuskat ch'amachasipjhatapampi alajh toqeru wayt asitapjaniw.

1. T'aqa

Taqpach jaqejh khuskat uñjatatäpjhewa munañapansa, lurañapansa, amuyasiñapansa, ukatwa jilani sullkanípjhaspas ukham uñjasipjhañapawa.

2. T'aqa

Taqpacha jaqenakajh chikasitapjhew; inajaqes, mistis, janq'os, ch'iyaras, chachas, warmis, amiris, wajchas taqe mayniw khuskat uñjatapjhe.

Ukhamaraki, janiw juk'ampíkaspas ukhama uñjasispati jach'a markanakaru isk'a markanakat sipanjha; taqpacha markanakajh tinkusitäpjhew, jaqenakapasti chikasitapjharakiw.

3. T'aqa

Sapaqat jaqejh jan khitirus ajhsarasa jakañapa, munañapa, amuyasiñapa, jaqe kankañapa taqjhatasiñapaw.

4. T'aqa

Janiw j aqenakat maynikisa uywarj ama aljhatäkaspati, ukhamarus jan jupa munasin janiw kuna urañarus, irnaqañarus wayt'asitäspati.

5. T'aqa

Janirakiw taqe jaqenakat maynikis khuyaña mutuñanakampi chhojrinchatäñapati.

6. T'aqa

Jaqejh, jaqëtapat layku, kauki markankipansa jaqe kankañapajh wali chaninchatëñapaw.

7. T'aqa

Jiliri p'eqeñanakajh taqe mayniru khuskat uñjapjhañapaw. Taqe mayniw arjhatatäñapa; kunapachati markanakan hualinkañapataki inoqat arunaka khitis t'unjaña munaspa ukajha, qhananchatäñapaw.

8. T'aqa

Khititejh ñanqhachat uñjasisp ukajha, jach'a j ilirinakaruwa yatiyasiñapa arjhatatäñapataki.

9. T'aqa

Janiw khitis markapana mutuyatäniti, janirakiw khitis markapata alismukutäniti.

10. T'aqa

Taqe mayniw juchanchata uñjasisa mä cheqa arun jilirimpi ist'ayasiñap wakisi qhananchayasiñataki, uka qepatsti cheq cheqaru t 'aqayasiñataki.

11. T'aqa

  1. Janiw khitirus jucharu jalantatjama uñjañäkiti, khititejh lutintata uñjasispajha, ch'ajwa t 'aqeri j ilirin nayraqatapan mä arjhatasirimpi taqjhatat qhananchayasiñapaw, ukchañkamasti jan juchanjama uñjatäñapaw.

  2. Markasana yaqha markanakansa wakisiri inoqat arunak phoqasawa jucharu jalantirinakarojh uñjaña, mutuñanakasti juchanakampitj amaw wakisitäñapa.

12. T'aqa

Janiw k'umiñas, ñanqachañas, ch 'inanchañas utjkaspati jaqen kankañapjhata, utapjhata, qellqasitapjhata. Taqe maynir arjhatañatakiw kamachit jach'a arunakas qellqanakas utji.

13. T'aqa

  1. Markapanjh taqe mayniw kawkiruti sarañ muni ukarojh saraskakispaw; kauki ujarus utjnoqasiñ munipaniha utjnoqasiskakispaw, janiw khitis kuns sañapäkiti.

  2. Markapatsa yaqha markatsa taqe mayniw mistuñ munipanjha mistukispaw, pachparu kutt ' aña munipans kutt'askakispaw.

14. T'aqa

  1. Khitiruti ñanqhachañataki arknaqasipkasp ukajha, kaukir markampis arjhatayasiskakispaw.

  2. Uka arjhatañasti janiw ina juchanakamp juchanchasir jaqetakfkiti, ukhamarus haniw Mayachat Markanakan inoqat aruparu jan phoqeri jaqetakïkiti.

15. T'aqa

  1. Janiw mä ch 'ulla jaqes jan markanejh utjkiti.

  2. Janirakiw jaqerojh markapjama uñtasitapjha apaqañjamäkiti, ukhamarus khitis markap lanti yaqha markampi trukasikispaw, munaña patjamaw.

16. T'aqa

  1. Yoqallanakas imillanakas chuymaniptjhasin paninchasipjhakispaw munasinjha, janiw khitis jark 'askaspati; chachas warmis purapatha uñjasipjhañapaw paninchasiwinsa jaljtasiwinsa.

  2. Chachamp warmimpi panipa arusthapisisakiw paninchasiñapatak wakisi.

  3. Auki, tayka, wawanakapas ayllu taypin saphipjama inoqataw, ukatwa ayllumasinakapat jach'a jilirinakapats arjhatat uñja sipjhañapaw.

17. T'aqa

  1. Taqe jaqetakiw wakisi utanïña, oraqenïña, jupa sapas ayllumasinakapampi chikas.

  2. Janiw khitisa utaps oraqeps inaki aparkaspati.

18. T'aqa

Akhama inoqat arú utji: Taqe maynin munañapatjamaw yupaychañapas amuyasiñapas. Kuna munañanakaps, amtañanakaps, amuyasitanakaps trukaña munasina trukakispaw; ukanaksti taqe jaqen nayraqatapata arsuña, mayninakar yatichañsa, kauki toqeru ch 'eqeyañsa.

19. T'aqa

Taqe maynejh kuna amuyasitanakapsa arsukispaw, ukhamarak yaqha jaqenakan amuyasitanakap qatoqasina ch'eqtatayakispaw markapans yaqha markanakansa, janiw khitis jark'askaspati.

20. T'aqa

  1. Taqe mayniw munañapata yaqha jaqenakampi arusthapisisa mathapisiskakispaw jan ch'ajhwa apanaqasna.

  2. Janiw khitirus ch'amakamajh kuna amtawiñarus mantayksnati.

21. T'aqa

  1. Taqe markanakanjh jach'a jilirinakapajh jaqen munañapata uskutäpjhañapaw. Taqe jaqesti jaqe masipan munañapata jilirjama ajllitakispaw.

  2. Jaqenakajh khuskata, taqe maynin taypita, jilirjama markapa aski apnaqañatakiejh khitirus aj llisipkakispaw.

  3. Ayllunakan, markanakan munañapaw mä qhauqha marat mara jilirinakaparu cheqa ajlliñajh. Uka amtatanakapasti janiw khitis q'eutaykaspati.

22. T'aqa

Jaqejh mä markan utjasina masinakapamp chika, walinkañapana, k'umara utj añapana, yatiñapana, yänak jikjhatasitapana, arjhatatäñapaw. Uka ch'amapampi lurañanakansti jilirinakajh yaqha jilirinakamp arusthapisisa mayni markanakampi yanapt'ayasispaw.

23. T'aqa

  1. Taqe mayniw kun luraña munipansa Iurakispaw; yaqha jaqetaki Iuratanakapasti chaninchatäñapaw; inakt'awinsti jan luraña utjatap layku, yanapatäñapaw.

  2. Khuska jaqetaki kipka lurañanakanjh kipkarakiw chaninchañ wakisi.

  3. Taqe ch'amachasiri jaqejha Iuratapat chanip qatoqasiñapaw, ukampisti warmipa wawanakapamp chika jaqjama utjañapataki, jani ukhamäsp ukasti yanapatäñapaw.

  4. Taqe mayniw jupjama ch'amachasir jaqenakamp mathapisiñ munasinjh mathapisiskakispaw wakisitanakap arjhatasiñataki.

24. T'aqa

Ch'amjasiri jaqejh sapa mara phoqasina samarañapaw wakisita, ukhamaraki jan lurawi urunakanjh. Uka samarawinakapansti ch'amjasiskaspas ukhama chanichatäñapaw.

25. T'aqa

  1. Khitis inakt'aspa usuntasna, ijmaptasna, usurmuktasna, achachiptasna, janiraki qolqenïspa isi, manq'a, qollanaka alañataki, marka jach'a jilirejh wajcha jaqerjama uñjasna yanapañapaw, ukatakisti kunaymana yanapanakaw utji.

  2. Wawachiri warminakajh, asunakajh taqe isk'a wawanakapas khuskata arjhatatäñapaw.

26. T'aqa

  1. Taqe mayniw yatichatäñapa. Uka yatichawejh janiw qelqaña mayatakïkaspati, taqe kuna yateqañatakïñapaw, chanin 'uka yateqawimpejh wayt 'asiñataki.

  2. Yateqawejh inakïñapaw, ukhamat wayna tawaqonakas juk'ampi yatiñanakaru arkañ munasinjha arkasipkakispaw, ukatakisti jach'a jilirejh taqe maynitaki yanapanak uchañapaw.

  3. Sapa maynin jaqe kankañapa wayt'asiñapataki, inoqat aru taqjhatañataki, markasana maya markanakampinsa jaqe masisaru yäqañataki, jaqen amuytasitanakap jan jark'atäñapaki, ukatakiw taqe mayniru churatäñapa.

Auki taykakiw munañanejh ajliiñataki kuna yatiñanaks wakisispa wawanakapataki.

27. T'aqa

  1. Taqe jaqen munañapankiw masinakapampi chika ch'amasisa aski yatiñanak jikjhatañataki ayllupatakis markapatakis, ukhamarak uka yatiwinakampejh juk'amp wayt'asita utjañatakispaw.

  2. Sapa mayninkakiw amuytasitanakapas, luratanakapas, qellpatakapas; janiw khitis jupankaspas ukhama ukanakjh uñstaykaspati. Maynin inoqatapa lunthatirejh cheqanchatäñapaw.

28. T'aqa

Khitis wayt 'askakispaw taqe jaqenakan walinkañapataki, aka inoqat aru phoqasiñapataki; ul:hamatjamaw markasans mayni markanakans cheqa thakiru sarj hatañasataki.

29. T'aqa

  1. Sapa mayniw aylluparu yächañapa kunat-ti ayllup manqhanakwa kankañapjha jikjhatani.

  2. Janiw khitis munañap-pin lurkaspati kunat-ti ayllu masipaw ñanqhachata uñjasispa, ukhamarus taqe mayniw sayt'apjhaspa ñanqhachataru arjhatañataki. Uka lantinjha taqpachani kamachit arunaka phoqasna, suma jakañ thaki patjharu sarjhatasna, jan pitu uñstayasna mä ch'ulla chachjama nukt'añasaw taqe maynin walinkañapa.

  3. Aka Mathapita Markanakan Arupajh janipiniw khitis maykiptkaspati munañapa lurañataki. Wakisiw inoqata arupa arjhataña.

30. T'aqa

Janiw kaukir markasa, khiti jaqesa sapapakis masinakapampis arusthapisinsa, j aqen walinkañapatak inoqat arunaka q'eujtayasna kuna lurañanakamp, amtañanakamp tumpampi, jaqeru arknaqasina, munañanakapa, yatinoqtatapa, irnaqasiñanakapa, amuyasiñanakapa apaqapkaspati.



 

 

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AYMARA LANGUAGE

Aymara (Aymar aru) is an Aymaran language spoken by the Aymara people of the Andes. It is one of only a handful of Native American languages with over three million speakers. Aymara, along with Quechua and Spanish, is an official language ofBolivia. It is also spoken around the Lake Titicaca region of southern Peru and, to a much lesser extent, by some communities in northern Chile and in Northwest Argentina.

Some linguists have claimed that Aymara is related to its more widely spoken neighbour, Quechua. This claim, however, is disputed — although there are indeed similarities such as the nearly identical phonologies, the majority position among linguists today is that these similarities are better explained as areal features resulting from prolonged interaction between the two languages, and that they are not demonstrably related.

The Aymara language is an agglutinating and to a certain extent polysynthetic language, and has a subject–object–verb word order.

ETYMOLOGY

The old suggestion that the word "Aymara" comes from the Aymara words "jaya" (ancient) and "mara" (year, time) is almost certainly a quite mistaken folk etymology. Many linguists now favor the theory that the term came from an ethnic group from the Apurimac region known as the Aymaraes, but the etymology remains unclear. A full discussion of the possible origins of the word can be found in the book Lingüística Aimara by the respected Peruvian linguist Rodolfo Cerrón-Palomino.

 

WIDER LANGUAGE FAMILY

It is often assumed that the Aymara language descends from the language spoken in Tiwanaku, on the grounds that it is the native language of that area today. This is very far from certain, however, and most specialists now incline to the idea that Aymara only expanded into the Tiwanaku area rather late, as it spread southwards from an original homeland more likely to have been in Central Peru. Aymara placenames are found all the way north into central Peru, and indeed (Altiplano) Aymara is actually but one of the two extant languages of a wider language family, the other surviving representative being Jaqaru/Kawki.

This family was established by the research of Martha James Hardman de Bautista of the Program in Linguistics at the University of Florida. Jaqaru [jaqi aru = human language] and Kawki communities are in the district of Tupe, Yauyos Valley, in the Dept. of Lima, in central Peru. Jaqaru has approximately 2,000 native speakers, nearly all Spanish bilinguals. Kawki is spoken in a neighboring community by a very small number of mostly elderly individuals and is a dying language. It was originally proposed by Dr Hardman that Jaqaru and Kawki should be classified as languages quite distinct from each other, but other more recent research classifies them as two very closely related varieties of the same mutually intelligible language.

Terminology for this wider language family is not yet well established. Dr Hardman has proposed the name 'Jaqi' ('human'), while other widely respected Peruvian linguists have proposed alternative names for the same language family. Alfredo Torero uses the term 'Aru' ('speech'); Rodolfo Cerrón-Palomino, meanwhile, has proposed that the term 'Aymara' should be used for the whole family, distinguished into two branches, Southern (or Altiplano) Aymara and Central Aymara (i.e. Jaqaru and Kawki). Each of these three proposals has its followers in Andean linguistics. In English usage, some linguists use the term Aymaran for the family, reserving 'Aymara' for the Altiplano branch.

 

 

 

 

 

 

     
     
     

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Credits : wikipedia.org

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Credits : wikipedia.org | ohchr.org

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