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NYANJA UDHR

NYANJA Universal Declaration of Human Rights

 
 
UDHR | The Universal Declaration Of Human Rights adopted in December 10Th 1948 by the General Assembly of the United Nations
 

 

HISTORY OF HUMAN RIGHTS

The History of Human Rights, from Scriptual and Archeological outputs, studies, dissertations, papers and research, goes back to more than 2000 BC. The most famous legal Code of the Ancient time is the Code of Hammurabi. 1780 BC . It contains guidelines in case of violation or breaking of the rules .

Code of Hammurabi An Inscription
Code of Hammurabi

The Subjects varies from, Men's Rights, Women's Rights, Children's Rights and Slave's Rights .


THE CODE OF UR NAMMU

The Code of Ur - Nammu today accepted as the earliest Ancient Legal Code. ( Although there were earlier Legal Codes ) . It was of the Neo - Sumerian period, written on clay tablets in the Sumarian language. Known as cuneiform. 2050 BC .

Code of Ur - Nammu
Code of Ur NAMMU

An Example of earlier Legal Codes than the Code of Ur - Nammu, is the Code of URUKAGINA. 2350 BC .

Code of URUKAGINA
Code of URUKAGINA

 


THE LAW of THE TWELVE TABLES . 450 BC, was based on the Roman Law, and was the Foundation and centerpiece of The Roman Republic. It was a result of a long social struggle between the Patricians and the Plebeians .

THE MAGNA CARTA . Famous from the Middle Ages was the English Magna Carta . The Magna Carta was written in 1215, because of a disagreement between Pope Innocent III, King John and the English barons, about the rights of the king . It influenced the rule of Constitutional Law, development of Common Law and many constitutional documents today . E.g. The United States Constitution and The Bill of Rights .

NYANJA ( Chechewa ) UDHR

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights

Chikalata Cha Mgwirizano Chofotokoza Za Ufulu Wa Chibadwidwe Wa Munthu Aliyense

Chidavomerezedwa ndi kulengezedwa ndi msonkhano waukulu mu mfundo 217A (III) ya pa 10th December, 1948.

Mau Otsogolera

Popeza kuzindikira kuti kudzilemekeza ndi kufanana kwa anthu pa chibadwidwe ndiwo maziko aufulu, chilungamo ndi mtendere pa dziko lapansi,

Popeza kusalabadira ndi kunyoza ufulu wa munthu kwachititsa mchitidwe wa nkhaza womwe wakhumudwitsa chikumbumtima cha anthu, ndipo kukhazikitsa kwa dziko m'mene anthu adzasangalale ndi kulankhula za kukhosi ndiponso kukhulupilira mopanda mantha ndi kusowa kwalengezedwa ngati chinthu cha mtengo wapatali chimene anthu wamba amalakalaka.

Popeza nkofunikira ngati munthu saumilizidwa kutero, ngati chinthu chamapeto, kugaukira ulamuliro wankhanza ndi kuponderezedwa, kuti ufulu wa munthu utetezedwe ndi malamulo,

Popeza nkofunikira kupititsa mtsogolo ubale wa pakati pa maiko,

Popeza anthu a mu bungwe la mgwirizano wa maiko (United Nations) m'chikalata chawo  (Charter of United Nations) anatsikimikizira chikhulupiliro chawo mu ufulu wa munthu ndi kusasiyanitsa pakati pa mwamuna ndi mkazi ndiponso atsimikiza kupititsa mtsogolo chikhalidwe cha anthu ndi umoyo wao,

Popeza maiko mgwirizano alonjeza kukwaniritsa mogwirizana ndi bungwe la mgwirizano wa maiko (United Nations) kupititsa mtsogolo kulemekeza ndi kutsatira malamulo a ufulu wa munthu,

Popeza kumvetsetsa ufulu umenewu nkofunika kwambiri kuti lonjezo limeneli likwaniritsidwe,

Choncho, tsopano,

Msonkhano, Waukulu,

ukulengeza malamulo omwe ali m'chikalata cha mgwirizano chofotokoza za ufulu wa chibadwidwe wa munthu aliyense ngati muyeso wa chikwaniritso kwa anthu onse ndi maiko onse, pachifukwa ichi aliyense ndi bungwe lililonse m'dziko, poganizira za chikalatchi, lidzayesetsa pophunzitsa, maphunziro ndi njira zina zotsogola kupititsa mtsogolo kulemekeza ufulu wachibadwidwe ndi ufulu wina m'dziko kudzanso pakati pa maiko, poonetsetsa kuti mfundozi zikuzindikiridwa ndiponso kutsatidwa pakati pa anthu ndi maiko a mu mgwirizano ndi anthu a m'madera amene maikowo akulamulira.

Ndime 1

Anthu onse amabadwa aufulu ndiponso ofanana mu ulemu ndi ufulu wao.  Iwowa ndi wodalitsidwa ndi mphamvu zoganiza ndi chikumbumtima ndipo achitirane wina ndi mnzake mwaubale.

Ndime 2

Aliyense ali ndi ufulu wa chibadwidwe ndi ufulu wina omwe walembedwa m'chikalata chino, mosasiyanitsa m'mjira iliyonse monga mtundu, maonekedwe a khungu, mwamuna kapena mkazi, chiyankhulo, chipembedzo, ndale kapena maganizo ena, dziko lochokera kapena chikhalidwe, katundu ndi chuma, kubadwa kapena m'mene munthu alili.

Poonjezerapo pasakhale kusiyanitsa poganizira ndale, malamulo kapena m'mene dziko kapena dera lomwe munthu akuchokera lilili, kaya ndi loima palokha, lodalira ena, losadzidalira, kapena lomwe likupingidwa m'njira zina.

Ndime 3

Aliyense ali ndi ufulu kukhala ndi moyo, mtendere ndi chitetezo chathupi.

Ndime 4

Palibe munthu amene adzasungidwe mu ukapolo kapena mwaukapolo; ukapolo ndi malonda a akapolo adzathetsedwa m'njira zonse.

Ndime 5

Palibe amene adzachitiridwe nkhaza kapena kuzunzidwa kapena kupatsidwa chilango monyozedwa.

Ndime 6

Aliyense ali ndi ufulu kuzindikiridwa ngati munthu kulikonse pamaso pa lumulo.

Ndime 7

Aliyense ndi ofanana pamaso pa lamulo ndipo ali oyenera kutetezedwa mosasiyanitsa ndi lamulo.  Aliyense ali oyenera kutetezedwa ku tsankho la mtundu uliwonse lomwe likututsa chikalata chino kudzanso kuyambitsa tsankho lililonse la mtundu wotere.

Ndime 8

Aliyense ali ndi ufulu wolandira chithanzizo chokwanira ndi bwalo la milandu lodalirika pa zochita zophwanya ufulu wa munthu womwe waperekedwa kwa iye ndi malamulo a dziko.

Ndime 9

Palibe amene adzamangidwe, kusungidwa osazengedwa mlandu kapena kuumirizidwa kuchoka m'dziko lake mosatsatira lamulo.

Ndime 10

Aliyense ali ndi ufulu womveredwa mosasiyanitsa ndi bwalo la milandu loyima palokha ndipo losakondera, poganizira ufulu wa munthu ndi udindo wake ndiponso mlandu uliwonse womukhudza.

Ndime 11

  1. Aliyense wozengedwa mlandu asaganiziridwe kuti ndi wolankwira lamulo ndipo asam'zenge mlandu potsatira malamulo ena amene ali ovomerezeka m'dzikomo kapena pakati pa maiko, koma omwe pa nthawi yolakwirayo sanali ovomerezeka.

  2. Chimodzimodzinso chilango chokhwima kuposa chomwe chidalipo panthawi yolakwira lamuloyo chisaperekedwe.

Ndime 12

Palibe amene adzasokonezedwe chinsinsi chake, banja lake, kwawo, kapena makalata ake, kapena zochitika zina zoyenera pa ulemu ndi mbiri yake.  Aliyense ali ndi ufulu kutetezedwa ndi lamulo ngati zoterezi zichitika.

Ndime 13

  1. Aliyense ali ndi ufulu kuyenda ndi kukhala m'kati mwamalire a dziko lililonse.

  2. Aliyense ali ndi ufulu kuchoka m'dziko lililonse kuonjezerapo lake, ndiponso kubwerera ku dziko lake.

Ndime 14

  1. Aliyense ali ndi ufulu kupeza mpumulo ndi kusangalala m'maiko ena m'mene angatetezedwe ku nkhaza.

  2. Ufuluwu sungagwiritsidwe ntchito pa mlandu umene sukukhudza ndale, kapena mchitidwe omwe sugwirizana ndi zolinga ndi mfundo za bungwe la mgwirizano wa maiko (United Nations).

Ndime 15

  1. Aliyense ali ndi ufulu kukhala ndi mtundu.

  2. Palibe amene adzalandidwe mtundu wake kapena kuletsedwa kusintha mtundu wake mosatsatira malamulo.

Ndime 16

  1. Amuna ndi akazi okhwima m'maganizo ndi mu msinkhu, mosaganizira mtundu, maonkedwe a khungu kapena chipembedzo, ali ndi ufulu kukwatira kapena kukwatiwa ndi kuyamba banja.  Iwowa ali ndi ufulu, ofanana pankhani za ukwati, pomwe ali mbanja kudzanso pothetsa banja.

  2. Ukwati udzamangidwa pokhapokha ngati anthu ofuna kumanga banjawo avomereza mosakakamizidwa.

  3. Banja ndi lofunika kwambiri pachikhalidwe cha anthu choncho n'kofunika kuti lipatsidwe chitetezo ndi dziko.

Ndime 17

  1. Aliyense ali ndi ufulu kukhala ndi katundu kapena chuma payekha kapena mogwirizana ndi ena.

  2. Palibe amene adzalandidwa katundu kapena chuma mosatsatira malamulo.

Ndime 18

Aliyense ali ndi ufulu wamaganizo, chikumbumtima ndi chipembedzo; ufuluwu ukhudzanso ufulu wotha kusintha chipembedzo kapena chikhulupiliro, ndi mtendere, kaya payekha kapena mogwirizana ndi ena, pagulu kapena mwachinsinsi, kuonetsa chipembedzo kapena chikhulupiliro pophunzitsa, kuchita, kupembedza ndi kutsatira chipembedzocho.

Ndime 19

Aliyense ali ndi ufulu kuganiza ndi kulankhula, zakukhosi, ufuluwu ukukhudzanso kukhala ndi maganizo popanda chopinga ndiponso kufufuza, kulandira ndi kufalitsa mauthenga ndi maganizo a mtundu uliwonse kudzera pa wailesi kapena njira ina iliyonse popanda malire.

Ndime 20

  1. Aliyense ali ndi ufulu kulowa bungwe lililonse ndi kusonkhana mwamtendere.

  2. Pasakhale munthu aliyense amene angakakamizidwe kulowa bungwe lililonse.

Ndime 21

  1. Aliyense ali ndi ufulu kutenga nawo mbali pa kayendetsedwe ka dziko lake, mwa iye mwini kapena kudzera mwa nthumwi yosankhidwa mosaumirizidwa.

  2. Aliyense ali ndi ufulu wofanana pofuna ntchito zoyendetsedwa ndi boma m'dziko lake.

  3. Chifuniro cha anthu ndicho chikhale magwero a mphamvu za boma; chifunirochi chidzaonetsedwa pochita chisankho choona kawirikawiri chomwe chidzakhale cha aliyense ndiponso chosakondera, ndipo chidzakhala cha chinsinsi kapena cha njira ina iliyonse yofanana ndi iyi.

Ndime 22

Aliyense, monga m'modzi wa gulu la anthu, ali ndi ufulu kulandira chithandizo kuchokera ku boma ndipo adzakwaniritsa izi, kudzera m'mphamvu za dziko, ndi mgwirizano ndi maiko ena ndiponso motsatira kayendetsedwe ndi kapezedwe ka chuma ka dziko lililonse, chithandizo cha chuma, zofunikira pa moyo ndi chikhalidwe chake zomwe ndi mbali ya ulemu wake ndipo n'zofunika pa kakulidwe ka umunthu wake.

Ndime 23

  1. Aliyense ali ndi ufulu kugwira ntchito, kusankha ntchito yomwe akufuna, kukhala ndi zoyenereza pa ntchito, ndiponso kutetezedwa ku ulova.

  2. Aliyense, mopanda tsankho, ali ndi ufulu kulandira malipiro ofanana pa ntchito yofanana.

  3. Aliyense amene akugwira ntchito ali ndi ufulu kulandira malipiro oyenera otha kumupatsa iye ndi banja lake moyo wodzilemekeza ndiponso, ngati n'kofunika, apeze njira zina zodzitetezera pa umoyo wake.

  4. Aliyense ali ndi ufulu kukhazikitsa kapena kulowa mabungwe a anthu ogwira ntchito pofuna kuteteza zomupindulira zake.

Ndime 24

Aliyense ali ndi ufulu kupuma ndi kupeza msangulutso kuonjezerapo kukhala ndi maola ogwilira ntchito oyenera ndiponso tchuthi cholipilidwa nthawi ndi nthawi.

Ndime 25

  1. Aliyense ali ndi ufulu kukhala ndi moyo wathanzi payekha kapena ndi banja lake, kuonjezerapo kukhala ndi chakudya, zovala, nyumba ndi chithandizo cha mankhwala ndi zina zofunikla pa umunthu wake, ndiponso ufulu wa chitetezo ngati iye sali pa ntchito, akudwala, walumala, wafedwa, wakalamba, kapena akusowa zofunika pa moyo wake pa zifukwa zimene iye sangathe kuchitapo kanthu.

  2. Umayi ndi umwana uyenera kuthandizidwa ndi kusamalidwa mwapadera.  Ana onse obadwa m'banja lozindikirika mwalamulo kapena losazindikirika adzatetezedwa umoyo wao mofanana.

Ndime 26

  1. Aliyense ali ndi ufulu kuphunzira.  Maphunziro akhale aulele makamaka ku pulaimale.  Maphunziro a pulaimale akhale oumiliza.  Maphunziro a zaluso ndi ena akhale opezeka ndipo maphunziro apamwamba a m'makoleji akhale opezeka kwa aliyense mofanana ndi nzeru zake.

  2. Maphunziro adzalinga kutukula umunthu, kulimbitsa ndi kulemekeza ufulu wa chibadwidwe wa munthu ndi ufulu wina ofunika.  Adzapititsa mtsogolo kumvetsa, kulemekeza maganizo a anthu ena, ubale wa maiko, mtundu, kapena magulu a zipembedzo, ndipo adzapititsa mtsogolo ntchito za bungwe la mgwirizano wa maiko (United Nations) posungitsa bata.

  3. Makolo ali ndi ufulu woyamba kusankha mtundu wa maphunziro amene akufunira ana awo.

Ndime 27

  1. Aliyense ali ndi ufulu kutenga nawo mbali pa zachikhalidwe cha anthu, kusangalala ndi zaluso ndiponso kugawana za sayansi ndi phindu lake.

  2. Aliyense ali ndi ufulu kutetezeredwa zomupindulira zonse zomwe zili zotsatira za ntchito ya sayansi, zolembalemba, kapena zaluso zina zomwe iye ndi mlembi wake.

Ndime 28

Aliyense ali oyenera kukhala bata ndi mtendere pa zomuthandiza pa moyo wake m'dziko lake ndi m'maiko mwina momwe ufulu wa chibadwidwe ndi ufulu wina walembedwa m'chikalata chino ungakwaniritsidwe kwathunthu.

Ndime 29

  1. Aliyense payekha ali ndi udindo kwa anthu ena amene akukhala nawo popeza ndi mwaiwo m'mene angathe kukwaniritsa  umunthu wake kwathunthu momasuka.

  2. Pokwaniritsa ufulu wake wachibadwidwe ndi ufulu wina, aliyense adzakhala ndi malire pokhapokha malamulo atero ndi cholinga chokwaniritsa kuzindikira ndi kulemekeza ufulu wachibadwidwe ndi ufulu wina wa ena ndiponso kukwaniritsa chilungamo, bata ndi kukhala bwino kwa anthu m'dziko lokomera anthu onse.

  3. Ufulu wa chibadwidwewu ndi ufulu  wina usagwiritsidwe ntchito mosagwirizana ndi zolinga ndi mfundo za bungwe la mgwirizano wa maiko (United Nations).

Ndime 30

Palibe chilichonse m'chikalata chino chomwe chingatanthauziridwe kuti dziko lililonse, gulu kapena munthu aliyense ali ndi ufulu kuchita chinthu ndi cholinga choononga ufulu wachibadwidwe ndi ufulu wina omwe wakhazikitsidwa m'chikalatachi.


ARTICLE 1 OF THE UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS IN HINDI

नुच्छेद 1 — सभी मनुष्यों को गौरव और अधिकारों के मामले में जन्मजात स्वतन्त्रता और समानता प्राप्त है। उन्हें बुद्धि और अन्तरात्मा की देन प्राप्त है और परस्पर उन्हें भाईचारे के भाव से बर्ताव करना चाहिये।

UDHR TR

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights is translated in 407 different languages and dialects . And therefore, the most translated document in the World. From the point of view of the United Nations, especially, The Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, OHCHR, there is no distinction i.c. between languages and dialects . Because all of them serve the Global dissemination of The UDHR .


SWAHILI

Swahili Kiswahili is a Bantu language . Spoken by the communities of the African Great Lakes. This region includes : Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Kenya, Mozambique, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda . Official language of the four Nations, Democratic Republic of Congo, Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda. 5 Millions first language speakers. As a lingua franca it is used in most of the southern half of East Africa . Total number of Swahili Kiswahili speakers exceeds 140 Millions .

MANDARIN

Mandarin is the Most spoken Chinese language, specifically in the North and Southwest of China. It has the most native speakers than any other language. Nearly 1 Billion. The English word " Mandarin " is derived from the Sanskrit Word " MANTRIN " Meaning : An Official of The Chinese Empire .Mandarin is one of the six official languages of the United Nations. The official language of the People's Republic of China . And the Republic of China ( ROC Taiwan ). Mandarin is also one of the four official languages of the Republic of Singapore .

TAGALOG

TAGALOG Or officially Filipino is an Austronesian language spoken by a quarter of the Philippines People as first language. And as lingua franca by the rest of the People . It is related to other regional languages e.g. Bikol languages, Ilokano, Visayan languages , and Kampampangan .The word Tagalog is derived from " Taga " meaning " native of " and " ilog " meaning "river ". 28 Millions native speakers . 96 % of the Philippines people can speak Tagalog .

HINDI

HINDI or Modern Standard Hindi is the fourth largest language in the World. Total native speakers reported by the most recent census of India : 422 Millions . In the 2001 census 258 Millions people of India reported to have Hindi as their first language . The Indian constitution adopted in 1950, declared that Hindi shall be written in The Devanagari Script and will be the official language of the Federal Government of India .